Pericardial effusion

Pericardial effusion is an abnormal accumulation of fluid in the pericardial cavity because of the limited amount of space in the pericardial cavity fluid accumulation leads to a mcreased intra pericardial pressure which can negatively affect heart function.

(The pericardial sac normally contains up to 50 mL of fluid; it can hold 80 to 200 mL of fluid acutely, and even up to 2 L if the fluid accumulates slowly.)

Cause:-
.Inflammation (pain type infection)
.virus (HIV,..etc..)
.kidney failure
. urinary conditions
. bacteria infection (tuberculosis)
.heart pain
.exsident
. pericarditis
. immune problems
.reaction to centain medication
.Injury
.Readiation exposure
.Heart attack
. trauma
Cancer(spread from other part of the body or from the heart tissue it self )
.fever , muscle pain, breathing difficulty,Nosia, vomiting, diarrheal, palpation

Diagnosis:-
.Electro cardio gram (EKG)
.x-ray
.ecocardiography

Pathological changes:-
.it always starts from pericardial inflammation in the pericardium,fluid and Immuno cell start moving from tiny blood vessel in the fibrous serous pericardium into the tissue layer and making it self bigger and thicker.
. pericardial effusion starts developing in this stage.
Due to rappid and on going fluid accumulation pericardial fluid begins to pool in the pericardial space.
.this can leads to abnormality and disturbance in contraction and relaxation of heart whice can leads to cardiac temperature.

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