ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES🌱🌴

IMP OF ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES

🍀Environment (Protection) Act

Passed by Government of India in 1986

To protect and improve the quality of the environment

🍀Air (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act

Passed in 1981

Amended in 1986 to include noise under air pollution

🍀Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act

Passed in 1974 to protect water bodies

🍀Montreal Protocol

Signed in 1987 and came into effect from 1989

To protect the ozone layer by controlling the use of ozone-depleting substances such as CFCs

🍀Joint Forest Management (JFM)

Conceptualised in 1980 by Government of India

It involves a joint partnership of local communities and forest department in the protection and management of forests

🍀Chipko Movement

In 1974, Garhwal Himalayas

🍀National Forest Policy

Came into force in 1988

According to it, plains should have 33% forest cover and hills 67% forest cover

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