Common Signs and Symptoms
*.Pulmonary Tuberculosis (PTB)—low-gradeafternoon fever.
*.Asthma—wheezing on expiration.
*.Kawasaki Syndrome—strawberry tongue.
*.Pernicious Anemia—red beefy tongue.
*.Down syndrome—protruding tongue.
*.Cholera—rice-watery stool and washer woman’s hands (wrinkled hands from dehydration).
*.Malaria—stepladder like fever with chills.
*.Typhoid—rose spots in the abdomen.
*.Dengue—fever,rash, and headache. Positive Herman’s sign.
*.Measles—Koplik’s spots (clustered white lesions on buccal mucosa).
*.Systemic Lupus Erythematosus—butterfly rash.
*.Leprosy—leonine facies (thickened folded facial skin).
*.Bulimia—chipmunk facies (parotid gland swelling).
*.Appendicitis—rebound tenderness at McBurney’s point. Rovsing’s sign (palpation of LLQ elicits pain in RLQ). Psoas sign (pain from flexing the thigh to the hip).
*.Meningitis—Kernig’s sign (stiffness of hamstrings causing inability to straighten the leg when the hip is flexed to 90 degrees), Brudzinski’s sign (forced flexion of the neck elicits a reflex flexion of the hips).
*.Tetany—hypocalcemia, [+] Trousseau’s sign; Chvostek sign.
*.Tetanus— Risus sardonicus or rictus grin.
*.Pancreatitis—Cullen’s sign (ecchymosis of the umbilicus), Grey Turner’s sign (bruising of the flank).
*.Pyloric Stenosis—olive like mass.
*.Patent Ductus Arteriosus—washing machine-like murmur.
*.Addison’s disease—bronzelike skin pigmentation.
*.Cushing’s syndrome—moon face appearance and buffalo hump.
*.Grave’s Disease (Hyperthyroidism)—Exophthalmos(bulging of the eye out of the orbit).
*.Multiple Sclerosis—Charcot’s Triad: nystagmus, intention tremor, and dysarthria.
*.Myasthenia Gravis—descending muscle weakness, ptosis (drooping of eyelids).
*.Guillain-Barre Syndrome—ascending muscles weakness.
*.Deep vein thrombosis (DVT)—Homan’s Sign.
*.Angina—crushing, stabbing pain relieved by NTG.
*.Myocardial Infarction (MI)—crushing, stabbing pain radiating to left shoulder, neck, and arms. Unrelieved by NTG.
*.Parkinson’s disease—pill-rolling tremors.
*.Cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection—Owl’seye appearance of cells (huge nucleus in cells).
*.Retinal Detachment—flashes of light, shadow with curtain across vision.
*.Basilar Skull Fracture—Raccoon eyes (periorbital ecchymosis) and Battle’s sign (mastoid ecchymosis).
*.Buerger’s Disease—intermittent claudication (pain at buttocks or legs from poor circulation resulting in impaired walking).
*.Diabetic Ketoacidosis—acetone breathe.
*.Pregnancy Induced Hypertension (PIH)—proteinuria, hypertension, edema.
*.Diabetes Mellitus—polydipsia, polyphagia, polyuria.
*.Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD)—heartburn.
*.Hirschsprung’s Disease (Toxic Megacolon)—ribbon-like stool.
*.Sexual Transmitted Infections:
*.Herpes Simplex Type II—painful vesicles on genitalia
*.Genital Warts—warts 1-2 mm in diameter.
*.Gonorrhea—green, creamy discharges and painful urination.
*.Chlamydia—milky discharge and painful urination.
*.Candidiasis—white cheesy odorless vaginal discharges.
*.Trichomoniasis—yellow, itchy, frothy, and foul-smelling vaginal discharges.
Common Signs and Symptoms