Common Signs and Symptoms

Common Signs and Symptoms

  1. PTB – low-grade afternoon fever.
  2. PNEUMONIA – rusty sputum.
  3. ASTHMA – wheezing on expiration.
  4. EMPHYSEMA – barrel chest.
  5. KAWASAKI SYNDROME – strawberry tongue.
  6. PERNICIOUS ANEMIA – red beefy tongue.
  7. DOWN SYNDROME – protruding tongue.
  8. CHOLERA – rice watery stool.
  9. MALARIA – stepladder like fever with chills.
  10. TYPHOID – rose spots in abdomen.
  11. DIPTHERIA – pseudo membrane formation
  12. MEASLES – koplik’s spots.
  13. SLE – butterfly rashes.
  14. LIVER CIRRHOSIS – spider like varices.
  15. LEPROSY – lioning face.
  16. BULIMIA – chipmunk face.
  17. APPENDICITIS – rebound tenderness.
  18. DENGUE – petechiae or (+) Herman’s sign.
  19. MENINGITIS – Kernig’s sign (leg flex then leg pain on extension), Brudzinski sign (neck flex =
    lower leg flex).
  20. TETANY – hypocalcemia (+) Trousseau’s sign/carpopedal spasm; Chvostek sign (facial
    spasm).
  21. TETANUS – risus sardonicus.
  22. PANCREATITIS – Cullen’s sign (ecchymosis of umbilicus); (+) Grey turners spots.
  23. PYLORIC STENOSIS – olive like mass.
  24. PDA – machine like murmur.
  25. ADDISON’S DISEASE – bronze like skin pigmentation.
  26. CUSHING’S SYNDROME – moon face appearance and buffalo hump.
  27. HYPERTHYROIDISM/GRAVE’S DISEASE – exopthalmus.
  28. INTUSSUSCEPTION – sausage shaped mass, Dance Sign (empty portion of RLQ)
  29. MS – Charcot’s Triad (IAN)
  30. MG – descending muscle weakness
  31. Guillain Barre Syndrome – ascending muscle weakness
  32. DVT – Homan’s Sign
  33. CHICKEN POX – Vesicular Rash (central to distal) dew drop on rose petal
  34. ANGINA – Crushing stubbing pain relieved by NTG
  35. MI – Crushing stubbing pain which radiates to left shoulder, neck, arms, unrelieved by NTG
  36. LTB – inspiratory stridor
  37. TEF – 4Cs’ Coughing, Choking, Cyanosis, Continous Drooling
  38. EPIGLOTITIS – 3Ds’ Drooling, Dysphonia, Dysphagia
  39. HODGEKIN’S DSE/LYMPHOMA – painless, progressive enlargement of spleen & lymph tissues,
    Reedstenberg Cells
  40. INFECTIOUS MONONUCLEOSIS – Hallmark: sore throat, cervical lymph adenopathy, fever.
  41. PARKINSON’S – Pill-rolling tremors
  42. FIBRIN HYALIN – Expiratory Grunt
  43. CYSTIC FIBROSIS – Salty skin
  44. DM – polyuria, polydypsia, polyphagia
  45. DKA – Kussmauls breathing (Deep Rapid RR)
  46. BLADDER CA – painless hematuria
  47. BPH – reduced size & force of urine
  48. PEMPHIGUS VULGARIS – Nikolsky’s sign (separation of epidermis caused by rubbing of the
    skin)
  49. RETINAL DETACHMENT – Visual Floaters, flashes of light, curtain vision
  50. GLAUCOMA – Painfull vision loss, tunnel/gun barrel/halo vision (Peripheral Vision Loss)
  51. CATARACT – Painless vision loss, Opacity of the lens, blurring of vision
  52. RETINO BLASTOMA – Cat’s eye reflex (grayish discoloration of pupils)
  53. ACROMEGALY – Coarse facial feature
  54. DUCHENNE’S MUSCULAR DYSTROPHY – Gowers’ sign (use of hands to push one’s self from
    the floor)
  55. GERD – Barretts esophagus (erosion of the lower portion of the esophageal mucosa)
  56. HEPATIC ENCEPHALOPATHY – Flapping tremors
  57. HYDROCEPHALUS – Bossing sign (prominent forehead)
  58. INCREASE ICP – HYPERtension BRADYpnea BRADYcardia (Cushing’s Triad)
  59. SHOCK – HYPOtension TACHYpnea TACHYcardia
  60. MENIERE’S DSE – Vertigo, Tinnitus
  61. CYSTITIS – burning on urination
  62. HYPOCALCEMIA – Chvostek & Trosseaus sign
  63. ULCERATIVE COLITIS – recurrent bloody diarrhea
  64. LYME’S DSE – Bull’s eye rash
    Ottorhea s/s of basilar fracture

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