Disability • “ Functional loss due to permanent physical impairment resulting from congenital condition, disease or trauma*.” • It excluded illness/injury of recent origin (morbidity) resulting into temporary loss of ability to see, hear, speak or move.

Total Knee Arthroplasty Protocol

Total Knee Arthroplasty Protocol: The intent of this physical therapy protocol is to provide the clinician with a guideline of the post-operative rehabilitation course of a patient who has undergone a total knee arthroplasty (TKA) at Brigham and Women’s Hospital (BWH). It is by no means intended to be a substitute for one’s clinical decision… Continue reading Total Knee Arthroplasty Protocol

Frozen Shoulder 

Frozen Shoulder    Article by John Miller   What is Frozen Shoulder?   frozen shoulder   Frozen shoulder or adhesive capsulitis is a common source of shoulder pain.    While frozen shoulder is commonly missed or confused with a rotator cuff injury, it has a distinct pattern of symptoms resulting in severe shoulder pain, loss… Continue reading Frozen Shoulder 


DEFINITION:-it is the most common complication of pregnancy and is defined as the passing of pregnancy prior to completion of the 20th gestational week. • It implies delivery of all or any part of the products of conception, with or without a fetus weighing less than 500gm. • 80% of spontaneous abortion occur prior to… Continue reading abortions


P Definition – a gene mutation is a permanent changes in the DNA base sequence • Types of mutation – 1. spontaneous mutation – mutation occurring naturally without any known cause 2. induced mutation – the physical or chemical agents can induced mutation such as mutation is known as induced mutation 3. somatic mutation –… Continue reading mutation

Chromosomal aberration

• Introduction : • Structural change and re-arrangement of gene in chromosome are called chromosomal aberration . Chromosomes of each species has specific number and morphology [structure],which is characteristic of each species . • Structure Aberration : These occur due to a loss or genetic material, or a rearrangement in the location of the genetic… Continue reading Chromosomal aberration

Anatomy of ear

Ear is an organ of hearing and equilibrium. 3 divisions of ear are :- 1.outer (external ear) 2.middle 3.inner (internal) Middle ear::- *.it is also known as tympanic cavity. *. It includes:- ° tympanic membrane is a cave shaped structure.concavity is directed towards the external auditory meatus . ° eustachian tube connects the middle ear… Continue reading Anatomy of ear

What is insulin diabetes

Disturbance Insulin hormone 1-Hypersecretion( Hypoglycemia ):- Cause : – Overdose of insulin in diabetes – Insulinoma (tumor of the pancreas) – Kidney failure Symptoms:– Palpitation, sweating, nervousness, hanger, and confusion. – At very low plasma glucose level: coma and convulsion Death. 2- Hyposecretion (hyperglycemia) Diabetes Mellitus Cause : – Pancreas doesn’t produce enough insulin or… Continue reading What is insulin diabetes

Psychiatric emergency

Psychiatric emergency 🌱epidemiology: – sex = equal – time = night hours – marital status = single (more common) – presentation: *20% suicidal *10% violent or agitation – diagnosis = mood disorder, schizophrenia and alcohol abuse – hospitalizations = needed in 40% of cases     🌱Psychiatric emergency presentation 1- agitation 2- suicidal & deliberate… Continue reading Psychiatric emergency