Anatomy quick review

1: Number of Bones 206
2: Number of Muscles 639
3: Number of Kidneys 2
4: Number of Milk Teeth 20
5: Number of Ribs 24 (12 pair)
6: Number of Heart Chamber 4
7: Largest artery Aorta
8: Normal blood pressure 120/80mmHg
9: Ph of Blood 7.4
10: Number of vertebrae in the Spine 33
11: Number of vertebrae in the Neck 7
12: Number of Bones in Middle Ear 6
13: Number of Bones in Face 14
14: Number of Bones in Skull 22
15: Number of Bones in Chest 25
16: Number of Bones in Arms 6
17: Number of Muscles in Human Arm 72
18: Number of Pumps in Heart 2
19: Largest Organ Skin
20: Largest gland Liver
21: Biggest cell female Ovum
22: Smallest cell male Sperm
23: Smallest Bone Stapes
24: First transplanted Organ Heart
25: Average length of Small Intestine 7m
26: Average length of Large Intestine 1.5m
27: Average weight of new Born baby 2.6kg
28: Pulse rate in One Minute 72 times
29: Normal body temperature 37 C° (98.4 F°)
30: Average Blood Volume 4 to 5 liters
31: Life Span of RBC 120 days
32: Life Span of WBC 10 to 15 days
33: Pregnancy Period 280 days (40 week)
34: Number of Bones in Human Foot 33
35: Number of Bones in Each wrist 8
36: Number of Bones in Hand 27
37: Largest Endocrine gland Thyroid
38: Largest Lymphatic Organ Spleen
39: Largest part of Brain Cerebrum
40: Largest & Strongest Bone Femur
41: Smallest Muscle Stapedius (Middle Ear)
41: Number of Chromosome 46 (23 pair)
42: Number of Bones in new Born baby 306
43: Viscosity of Blood 4.5 to 5.5
44: Universal Donor Blood Group O
45: Universal Recipient Blood Group AB
46: Largest WBC Monocyte
47: Smallest WBC Lymphocyte
48: Increase RBC count called Polycethemia
49: Blood Bank in the Body is Spleen
50: Non Nucleated Blood cell is RBC
51: RBC produced in the Bone Marrow
52: River of Life is Called Blood
53: Normal Blood Cholesterol level 250mg/dl
54: Fluid part of Blood is Plasma
55: Normal Blood Sugar 100mg/dl.

🌟🌟 Important Points of NCERT 🌟🌟:

  1. Weight of Liver : 1.2 to 1.5 kg
  2. Weight of Kidney : 120 to 170 gm
  3. Number of lobes in Liver : 2
  4. Number of salivary glands : 3 pairs
  5. Number of portions in stomach : 4 (Cardiac, fundic, body & Pyloric).
  6. Stomach stores food for : 4 to 5 hours.
  7. pH of saliva : 6.8
  8. pH of gastric juice : 1.8
  9. pH in duodenum : 7.8
  10. pH of urine : 6.0
  11. Breathing rate : 12-16 times/minute
  12. Tidal volume : 500 mL
  13. IRV : 2500 – 3000 mL
  14. ERV : 1000 – 1100 mL
  15. RV : 1100 – 1200 mL
  16. Water in plasma : 90-92%
  17. Water in watermelon : 92%.
  18. Water in herbaceous plants : 85-90%.
  19. Water in human cell : 70-90%.
  20. Colon is divided in : 4 parts (Ascending, transverse, descending and
    sigmoid parts). (NCERT Correction-2019-20)
  21. Solubility of CO2 is 20-25 times higher than that of O2 .
  22. Diffusion membrane is made up of 3 layers.
  23. Total thickness of diffusion membrane : < 1 mm
  24. No. of wall layers in alimentary canal (from oesophagus to rectum) : 4
  25. Gastric gland have 3 type of cells : Mucus neck cells, chief cells and parietal cells
  26. Every 100 ml of oxygenated blood can deliver how much O2
    to tissues : 5 mL
  27. Every 100 ml of deoxygenated blood delivers how much CO2
    to the alveoli : 4 mL.

°°°°°°°°°°°°°

🧩Largest Artery – Abdominal Aorta

🧩Largest Bone – Femur

🧩Largest Endocrine gland – Thyroid Gland

🧩Largest Gland – Liver

🧩Largest Salivary Gland – Parotid Gland

🧩Largest Vein – Inferior Vena Cava

🧩Longest Cell in the Body – Neuron

🧩Longest Cranial Nerve – Vagus Nerve

🧩Longest Nerve – Sciatic Nerve

🧩Total Number Of Muscles – 639

🧩Smallest Muscle – Stapedius

🧩Largest Muscle – Gluteus Maximus

🧩Longest Muscle – Sartorius

🧩Longest bone of the Upper Limb – Humerus

🧩Total Number of Cranial Nerves – 12.

…………………….

Important Points :-

  1. largest cavity of the body -abdominal cavity
  2. largest sesamoid bone of the body – Patella
  3. largest branch of the femoral artery – Profunda femoris artery
  4. largest ganglion of the neck is – Superior cervical ganglion
  5. longest vein of body is – long saphenous vein
  6. total degree of rotation of midgut during development is – 270 degree (anticlockwise )
  7. Angle of humeral torsion is – 164 degree
  8. Angle of femoral torson is – 15 degree
  9. First artery to appear in the embryo is – Right and left primitive aorta
  10. First teeth to appear is – lower central incisor
  11. first permanent teeth to appear in infant is – first molar
  12. First bone to ossify in body is – Clavicle
  13. Second bone to ossify in body is – Mandible

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